SSC CGL 2017 Notification

* The Exam Pattern has been modified by Staff Selection Commission. The Duration of Tier I Exam has been changed from 75 minutes to 60 minutes!

#1. SSC CGL Exam Date, etc.

Events Dates
Starting Date of
Online Application
16th May 2017
Last Date of
Online Application
16th June 2017
Tier 1 Exam 1st August 2017 to
20th August 2017
Tier 2 Exam
(Tentative Dates)
10th, 11th
November 2017
Tier 3 Exam
(Tentative Dates)
21st January 2018
Tier 4 Exam
(Tentative Dates)
February 2018

 

#2. SSC CGL 2017 Recruitment – Vacancies

Staff Selection Commission has released the List of Vacancies that will be filled after this SSC CGL 2017 Recruitment. There are a total 4733 vacancies this year. You can find the complete details in the link given below:

#3. SSC CGL 2017 Recruitment – Eligibility Criteria

  • Educational Qualifications (As on 1st August 2017)

(A) Junior Statistical Officer –

  • Essential Qualification: Bachelor’s Degree in any subject from a recognized University or Institute.
  • Desirable Qualifications: Chartered Accountant/cost & Management Accountant/Company Secretary/ Masters I Commerce/Masters in Business Studies/Masters in Business Administration (Finance)/Masters in
    Business Economics.

(B) Junior Statistical Officer –  Bachelor’s Degree in any subject from a recognized University or Institute with at least 60% Marks in Mathematics at 12th standard.
OR
Bachelor’s Degree in any subject with Statistics as one of the subjects at degree level.

(C) All other Posts – Bachelor’s Degree from a recognised University.

(D)  Those who are appearing in final year of their graduation can also apply but they should complete their graduation before 1st August 2017.

  • SSC CGL 2017 Age Limit (As on 1st August 2017):
Post Age Limit
Statistical Investigator
Grade II
Max 32 yrs
Assistant in CSS 20 – 27 yrs
Assistant in IB 21 – 30 yrs
Assistant Enforcement
Officer / SI in CBI / SI
in NIA
30 yrs
SI in Central Bureau
of Narcotics
20 – 27 yrs
 All Other posts 18 – 27 yrs

For the age limit of individual post see the full notification. You can also check the official Age Limit for SSC CGL 2017 Exam Registration from link below:

  • SSC CGL 2017 Age Relaxation:
Category Age Relaxation
SC/ST 5 years
OBC 3 years
Physically
Handicapped
(PH)
10 years
PH + OBC 13 years
PH + SC/ST 15 years

 

#4. SSC CGL 2017 Exam Pattern & Selection Procedure 

The SSC CGL Exam pattern consists of 4 Stages as mentioned below:

Stage 1: SSC CGL Tier-1

→ It is a computer based online test of 200 marks in 60 minutes of time duration. There is a negative marking of 0.50 Marks for each wrong answer. There is no sectional cut off.

Subjects Qs Marks Time
General Intelligence
& Reasoning
25 50 60 minutes
(For VH &
Candidates
suffering from
Cerebral Palsy:
80 minutes)
General Awareness 25 50
Quantitative Aptitude 25 50
English Language 25 50
TOTAL 100 200

Stage 2: SSC CGL Tier-2

→ This is an online based examination consisting of 4 papers as mentioned in the table. There is no sectional cut off. The negative marking for each wrong answer as follow:

Paper I , Paper III & Paper IV – 0.5 marks
Paper II – 0.25 marks

Paper Subjects Qs Marks Time
Paper I Quantitative
Aptitude
100 200 2 Hours
(For
Each Paper)
Paper
II
English Language
& Comprehension
200 200
Paper
III
Statistics
(Paper I & II as above)
100 200
Paper
IV
General Studies
(Finance & Economics,
Paper I & II as above )
100 200

 

Stage 3: SSC CGL Tier-3

→ This is a descriptive type paper of 100 marks and will be conducted in Pen and Paper mode. It will be of total 60 minutes of time duration.

Stage 4: SSC CGL Tier-4 

→ Tier-IV of the SSC CGL Examination is Data Entry Skill Test (DEST)/Computer Proficiency Test (CPT). This test is of qualifying nature. The DEST test is for the Tax Assistant Post only.

The merit list will be prepared on overall performance of student in Tier-I, Tier-II and Tier-III but you have to qualify all the tiers (i.e Tier-I, Tier-II and Tier-III) separately. If you want to know the detailed SSC CGL exam pattern then go through the link given below:

#5. How to Apply for SSC CGL 2017 

The SSC CGL Online filling up of application will start from 16th May 2017 to 16th June 2017.  The link is active now on the

Click on the new registration button & fill the necessary details.

  1. Upon completion of registration, you will receive a registration number & password. Note it down for future use.
  2. Now complete the remaining registration process by entering your qualification details, uploading your photo & signature.
  3. Complete the last step by making your payment (either by online mode or offline mode).
  4. Your SSC CGL 2017 Application Form is filled now.

You have sufficient time to prepare for your SSC exam. So, utilise this time & get to know all about SSC CGL 2017 Examination from the article given below:

#6. Application Fees

You can pay the fees through online mode from 16th May 2017 to 16th June 2017 (5.00PM). Those who want to pay fees through offline mode can make payment through challan of SBI bank till 19th June 2017 provided the challan has been generated before 5.00 PM of 16th June 2017.

GEN/OBC – Rs 100/-
SC/ST/PH/Ex-Servicemen/Woman – No Fees

Apply Online

 

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SSC Calender 2017

Staff Selection Commission Exam Calendar 2017

Serial No Examination Name Notification Issued Last Date Examination Date
1 Combined Graduate Level CGL 2016 Tier II Examination NA NA 30/11/2016 to 02/12/2016 (Online)
2 Junior Engineer Civil, Electrical, Mechanical Paper I Exam 2016 01/10/2016 31/10/2016 8,9,12 December 2016 Online Exam
3 Delhi Police CAPFs, ASI in CISF, CPO SI 2016 Paper II Exam NA NA 18/12/2016 Online Exam
4 Combined Higher Secondary Level 10+2 CHSL 2016 Tier I Exam 08/10/2016 07/11/2016 07/01/2017 to 05/02/2017 (Online)
5 Combined Graduate Level CGL 2016 Tier III & Tier IV NA NA 15/01/2017 Tier III17/01/2017-17/02/2017 Tier IV CPT/Dest
6 Junior Engineer Civil, Electrical, Mechanical Paper II Exam 2016 NA NA 19/02/2017 (Descriptive)
7 Delhi Police Constable Exe 10/09/2016 10/10/2016 04/03/2017 to 07/03/2016 (Online)
8 Multi Tasking Staff MTS Tier I Examination 2016 24/12/2016 20/01/2017 16/04/2017, 30/04/2017 and 07/05/2017 OMR Based Exam
9 CPO SI 2017 Delhi Police CAPFs, ASI in CISF, Paper I Exam 28/01/2017 05/03/2017 15-22 May 2017 (Online Exam)
10 Combined Higher Secondary Level 10+2 CHSL 2016 Tier II Exam NA NA 04/06/2017 (Descriptive)
11 SSC Combined Graduate Level

 

CGL 2017 Tier I Exam

11/03/2017 15/04/2017 19/06/2017 to 20/07/2017 (Online)
12 SSC GD Constable Exam 2016 12/11/2016 09/12/2016 15/07/2017 to 22/07/2017 (Online)
13 Combined Junior Hindi Translator JHT , Pradhyapak Exam 2017 29/04/2017 27/05/2017 30/07/2017 OMR Based
14 Stenographer Grade C or D Recruitment 2017 17/06/2017 15/07/2017 27/08/2017 (OMR)
15 SSC Combined Graduate LevelCGL 2017 Tier II Exam NA NA 05-08 September 2017 (Online Exam)
16 CPO SI 2017 Delhi Police CAPFs, ASI in CISF, Paper II Exam NA NA 08/10/2017 (OMR)
17 SSC Combined Graduate LevelCGL 2017 Tier III Exam NA NA 12/11/2017 (Descriptive)
18 Combined Higher Secondary Level 10+2 CHSL 2017 Tier I Exam 05/08/2017 04/09/2017 17-30 November 2017 (Online Exam)
19 SSC Combined Graduate LevelCGL 2017 Tier IV Exam NA NA December 2017
20 Multi Tasking Staff MTS Tier II Examination 2016 NA NA 17/12/2017 (Descriptive)
21 Junior Engineer Civil, Electrical, Mechanical Paper I Exam 2017 09/09/2017 09/10/2017 05-07 January 2018
22 Junior Engineer Civil, Electrical, Mechanical Paper II Exam 2017 NA NA 01/04/2018 (Descriptive)
23 Combined Higher Secondary Level 10+2 CHSL 2017 Tier II Exam     15/04/2018 (Descriptive)
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Banks-Security Breach on 32 lac Debit cards

Security breaches suspected at some ATMs, even as several banks have begun blocking affected cards

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has asked banks to replace debit cards whose security is suspected to have been compromised after being used in some automated teller machines (ATMs).

The issue was first suspected by payment gateways such as Visa, Mastercard and Rupay, the last of which is operated by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), when it came to their notice that security could have been breached in some instances.Debit cards and credit cards face security issues when unauthorised parties access confidential details embedded in the card. Such access could happen even as the card is being used in an ATM.

“We have asked all the banks to replace the debit cards that are under suspicion,” said a central banking source.Cards falling in the suspicious category and needing replacement would number about 17.5 lakh. The total debit card base in the country was 697 million as of July 2016.

Banks such as State Bank of India (SBI), HDFC Bank and Bank of Baroda have already started replacing the cards. SBI, the country’s largest lender, has started the process of replacing 0.6 million debit cards.“There are three agencies which operate the gateways for debit card related settlements, Visa, MasterCard and Rupay. Based on a particular incident, these three companies began suspecting that in some of ATMs, data had been compromised,” Mrutyunjay Mahapatra, chief information officer, SBI told The Hindu.They advised various banks that these cards could have been compromised. So, we blocked all the suspicious cards,” he said.

Playing safe Mr. Mahapatra added that while the bank had advised customers to change the debit card pin, the institution had also blocked the cards, and is now issuing fresh cards. He said the process would be competed in two to three days.“You could still continue to use your old card with a changed password… there is no compromise in any data or security in SBI’s systems. However, because there is a needle of suspicion, we are taking this additional step,” Mr. Mahapatra said. SBI is investigating the issue to ascertain whether there was any financial loss to the customers.

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WHO Report – Dengue chikungunya

Chikungunya can circulate with the help of monkeys, birds and cattle, but dengue spreads only through mosquitoes Chikungunya was first reported in 1952, during an outbreak in southern Tanzania. It has now been identified in 60 countries including those in Asia, Africa, Europe, America and others. Listed in the World Health Organization’s R&D Blueprint (2016), the recently established Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations has it on their agenda to develop a vaccine for Chikungunya, along with other diseases such as MERS, Ebola and others.

What are the symptoms?Abrupt onset of fever and severe joint pain. There can be other symptoms such as muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash – that is, small red spots all over the body. The joint pain can be severe and sometimes prolonged. The disease does not induce immunity by itself and can recur.The word Chikungunya, derived from the Kimakonde language which is spoken by the indigenous people of southern Tanzania, itself means that which is contorted. It refers to the contorted position taken by people when they are affected by joint pain.
How is it transmitted?It is transferred from human to human by mosquitoes. The females of Aedes Aegyptii and Aedes albopictus are the main species of mosquito that spread the disease. These mosquitoes bite through the day.
How is it diagnosed? What are the tests that must be performed and how?
IgM titers – a way of measuring the rising level of, or concentration of, antibodies in the blood, which quantifies the body’s response to an active infection – are what are tested in the blood. More specifically, the blood test that doctors ask for is called the RT-PCR (Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction) but it may not be available, so doctors test the drop in the number of leucocytes in the blood because of the viral infection.
The blood tests are repeated and a constant watch is kept on the blood count. If it drops, it is better to be under medical observation. At this stage, the doctors’ guidance is crucial.
What is the treatment?There is no vaccine for chikungunya. Treatment is mainly symptomatic – such as giving painkillers to relieve the joint pain – using non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs which are not asprin-based. Drugs are mainly analgesics and anti pyretics. The patient is advised to take fluids.
Alternatives to Allopathy?The Nilavembu decoction is suggested as a herbal treatment, and while many people believe in this, it has not yet been verified by studies. At present it is recommended to use this only in parallel with advice from a doctor.
Any preventive methods?Avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes. Keep the surroundings clear of stagnant water or pools where mosquitoes can breed. Use mosquito nets and close windows in the evening to prevent mosquitoes from entering.
How does it differ from dengue?Chikungunya can circulate with the help of monkeys, birds and cattle, but dengue spreads only through mosquitoes. While for dengue the symptoms subside in about 15 days, for Chikungunya the symptoms can prolong for 3-6 months. While Chikungunya’s main symptoms are high fever and excruciating joint pain, dengue manifests with high fever, drop in platelet count and rash.global-ias-academy-dengue-chikungunya-who-report

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SCORPENE SUBMARINE – DATA LEAK

]In 2005, India chose the Scorpène design; purchasing six submarines for US$3 billion ($500 million per boat) under Project 75 (P75). The project was necessitated by the dwindling number of submarines in the Indian Navy. Indian Navy needed replacement for the older Sindhughosh (Kilo) and Shishumar (U209) class of submarines. The Scorpène design won the deal, defeating the rival U214 because of the capability to fire Exocet anti-ship missiles and an agreement on the air-independent propulsion (AIP).[2] The submarines are to be manufactured under a technology transfer agreement by the state-owned Mazagon Docks in Mumbai.[3] India plans to incorporate the DRDO-developed air independent propulsion (AIP) system onto the last two submarines being built and also to equip the P75I submarines, of which the DCNS is participating in the tender process.[4]

Construction of the first submarine started on 23 May 2009. The project is running four years behind schedule. Once the new government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi took over, the project was reviewed and necessary action was taken to make up for the delay.[5]

It was reported in November 2014, that the DRDO-developed AIP system for the last two Scorpène submarines for the Indian Navy has been developed and is ready for testing in February 2015.[6] The government is now finalizing an order for additional three more Kalvari class submarines.[7][8]The first Scorpène submarine, INS Kalvari (named after a deep sea tiger shark),[9] was undocked from the pontoon on 6 April 2015 and launched on 28 October 2015. It completed the Basin trials and Harbor acceptance trials in April 2016 and commenced sea trials on 1 May 2016.[10]

DATA LEAK -IMPACT.

Apart from India, France and Australia, the governments of Malaysia and Chile that have acquired the Scorpene, and Brazil, that is acquiring this platform, will be studying the security implications of this 22,400 pages leak very closely. The gleeful interest, it may be conjectured, will be discernible among the potential adversaries and naval competitors of all the navies that operate Scorpenes. While India and France will need to work together to investigate and redress the contractual breach of security, the operational security implications are predictably opaque — the central characteristic of the submarine domain. As of now, the technical data is being released in the public domain by The Australian in a tantalising trickle to keep the eyeballs glued.

The Australian whistleblower who brought the data into the public domain was reportedly motivated by a sense that his country’s submarine acquisition programme could be compromised due to inadequate data protection protocols. How does this affect the Indian boat, the Kalvari, that is now in its final stage of trials?
The DNA of the submarine is its opacity, and what makes it vulnerable to detection is its distinctive acoustic signature, or the fingerprint of each boat. An adversary spends years trying to acquire this profile by tracking a boat on patrol, a pattern witnessed between the U.S. and Soviet navies during the Cold War decades.

The dynamic part of this spectrum relates to the frequencies related to the sonar (the device used to detect the target) and the propulsion noise at different speeds and depths. Will the Indian Scorpene be compromised if this technical data is released by The Australian?

The dynamic spectrum will be determined only after the final sea trials, and the data leaked may pertain to a broad design bandwidth. This could be tweaked through software changes but what may be a challenge is the propeller-related acoustics. This is the structural part of the acoustic signature and varies from boat to boat. In the event that such basic propulsion/cavitation design data is leaked, advanced digital signal processing could provide many useful clues to an adversary in the tactical domain. Has this happened, thereby making the Kalveri a sitting duck?

Data security/ Inadequate data protection protocols. IAS 2016 MAINS

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Rio Olympics 2016- Indian Awardees

Dipa’s coach among six selected for Dronacharya award

A day after the Olympic Games came to an end in Rio de Janerio, the government on Monday conferred the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award 2016 to Olympic medallists P.V. Sindhu and Sakshi Malik; ace gymnast Dipa Karmakar, who lost a medal by a whisker, and shooter Jitu Rai. This is for the first time the nation’s highest sporting award has been conferred on four athletes.

Dipa Karmakar’s coach, Bishweshwar Nandi, has been selected for the Dronacharya Award, alongwith Nagapuri Ramesh (athletics), Sagar Mal Dhayal (boxing), Raj Kumar Sharma (cricket), S. Pradeep Kumar (swimming) and Mahabir Singh (wrestling).

Fifteen sportspersons will be honoured with the Arjuna Award and three with the Dhyan Chand Award.

Besides, the Punjabi University of Patiala will be awarded the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy 2015-16.

Apart from a medal and a citation, a Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna awardee will receive a cash prize of Rs.7.5 lakh. The Arjuna, Dronacharya and Dhyan Chand awardees will receive statuettes, certificates and cash prize of Rs.5 lakh each, said a press release from the Sports Ministry.

The Selection Committee for the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award and the Arjuna Award was headed by Justice S.K. Agarwal, retired Delhi High Court Judge. The Selection Committee for the Dronacharya Award and the Dhyan Chand Award was headed by M.C. Mary Kom.

The awards will be distributed by President Pranab Mukherjee on August 29.

Full list of awardees:

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award 2016

Name of awardee Discipline
P.V. Sindhu Badminton
Sakshi Malik Wrestling
Dipa Karmakar Gymnastics
Jitu Rai Shooting

Dronacharya Award 2016

Name of awardee Discipline
Nagapuri Ramesh Athletics
Sagar Mal Dhayal Boxing
Raj Kumar Sharma Cricket
Bishweshwar Nandi Gymnastics
S. Pradeep Kumar Swimming (lifetime)
Mahabir Singh Wrestling (lifetime)

Arjuna Award 2016

Name of awardee Discipline
Rajat Chauhan Archery
Lalita Babar Athletics
Sourav Kothari Billiards and Snooker
Shiva Thapa Boxing
Ajinkya Rahane Cricket
Rani Hockey
Subrata Paul Football
V R Raghunath Hockey
Gurpreet Singh Shooting
Apurvi Chandela Shooting
Soumyajit Ghosh Table Tennis
Vinesh Poghat Wrestling
Amit Kumar Wrestling
Sandeep Singh Mann Para-Athletics
Virender Singh Wrestling (deaf)

Dhyan Chand Award 2015

Name of Awardee Discipline
Satti Geetha Athletics
Sylvanus Dung Dung Hockey
Rajendra Pralhad Shelke Rowing
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Council of Minister- Union Govt

Council of Ministers-Narendra Modi Govt.
19 new ministers were inducted on 5 July 2016 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his Council of Ministers as he expanded it for the second time since 2014.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi expanded his Council of Ministers on 5 July 2016 by inducting 19 new ministers. On the other hand he also dropped 5 ministers from the Council.
19 new ministers are;
Ajay Tamta, Anil Madhav Dave, Anupriya Patel (Apna Dal), Arjun Ram Meghwal, CR Chaudhary, Dr. Subhash Bhamre, Faggan Singh Kulaste, Jaswantsinh Bhabhor, Krishna Raj, Mahendra Nath Pandey, Mansukh L. Madaviya, M.J. Akbar, P.P. Chaudhary, Parshottam Rupala, Rajen Gohai, Ramdav Athawale (RPI), Ramesh Chandappa Jigajinagi, S.S. Ahluwalia and Vijay Goel.
The five dropped from the Cabinet are Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilizers Nihal Chand Meghwal, MoS HRD Ram Shankar Katheria, MoS Water Resources Sanwar Lal Jat, MoS Tribal Affairs Manuskhbhai D. Vasva and MoS Agriculture M.K. Kundariya.
The only minister who was promoted from Independent Minister rank to that of Cabinet Minister was Environment and Forest Minister Prakash Javadekar.
Portfolios allotted to 19 new Ministers
Ministers of State (Independent Charge):
Vijay Goel: Youth Affairs and Sports
Anil Madhav Dave: Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
Ministers of State:
Ramesh Chandappa Jigajinagi: Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Rajen Gohain: Railways.
Parshottam Rupala: Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Panchayati Raj.
M.J. Akbar: External Affairs.
Faggan Singh Kulaste: Health and Family Welfare
S.S. Ahluwalia: Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Parliamentary Affairs
Ramdas Athawale: Social Justice and Empowerment.
Jasvantsinh Sumanbhai Bhabhor: Tribal Affairs.
Arjun Ram Meghwal: Finance, Corporate Affairs.
Dr. Mahendra Nath Pandey: Human Resource Development.
Ajay Tamta: Textiles.
Krishna Raj: Women and Child Development.
Mansukh L. Mandaviya: Road Transport and Highways, Shipping, Chemicals and Fertilizers.
Anupriya Patel: Health and Family Welfare.
R. Chaudhary: Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.
P. Chaudhary: Law and Justice, Electronics and Information Technology.
Dr. Subhash Ramrao Bhamre: Defence.
(Vijay Goel will also have Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation ministry as Minister of State)
Prakash Javadekar was allotted the important portfolio of Human Resources Development Ministry in the Cabinet reshuffle in the Narendra Modi Govt. on 5 July 2016
Among the top ministers whose portfolios witnessed dramatic changes was Human Resource and Development (HRD) Minister Smriti Irani who was replaced by Prakash Javadekar. Irani will now oversee the textile ministry.
Jayant Sinha was removed as minister of state in the finance ministry and moved to Civil Aviation Ministry.
Chaudhary Birender Singh was shifted to the steel ministry from rural development, which will now be headed by Narendra Singh Tomar.
The new environment minister in place of Javadekar is Anil Madhav Dave.
The Constitution say on the number of Ministers in a Cabinet;
Article 72 of the Constitution prescribes that the total number of Ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15 per cent of the number of members of the House of the People.
This means the Central government can accommodate up to 82 Ministers.
This provision of constitutional cap for total number of Ministers in the Union Council was added by the 91st Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003. Indian Polity GS- IAS 2016

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images solar 2

NATIONAL SOLAR MISSION

The World Bank’s agreement with the India-led International Solar Alliance (ISA) to help it mobilise a trillion dollars in investments by 2030 and its billion-dollar programme to support Indian initiatives for expanded solar generation are significant steps in the global transition to a clean energy pathway. While the cost of solar power has been declining, one of the biggest obstacles to a scale-up in developing countries has been the high cost of finance for photovoltaic projects. That problem can be addressed by the ISA through the World Bank partnership, as the agreement will help develop financing instruments, reduce hedging costs and currency risks, and enable technology transfer. India has raised its ambitions five-fold since the time it launched the National Solar Mission, and the target now is an installed capacity of 100 gigawatts by 2022 out of a total of 175 GW from all renewables. Strong policy support is also necessary to improve domestic manufacture of solar cells and panels, which has remained unattractive because cheap imports are available. India’s efforts have also suffered a setback, with the adverse WTO ruling against the stipulation of a prescribed level of domestic content for solar projects. Developing a strong solar manufacturing industry is essential for sustained economic growth, and to connect those who never had the boon of electricity.

Support from the World Bank for large-scale and rooftop solar deployments, innovative and hybrid technologies, and storage and transmission lines presents an opportunity for India to go the German way and achieve energiewende, or energy transition. For instance, the $625-million grid-connected rooftop solar fund could help strengthen State-level programmes for net metering. A transparent regime that enables individuals and communities to plug into the grid without bureaucratic hurdles would unlock small-scale private investment. There are several pointers from Germany’s experience as a leading solar- and wind-powered nation to prepare for a major ramping up of these green sources. Arguably, the strength and reliability of a power grid capable of handling more power than is available are fundamental to induct higher levels of renewable power. The emphasis here must also be on improving transmission lines: the World Bank programme promises to provide the necessary linkage to solar-rich States. Making power grids intelligent to analyse and give priority to use the output of renewables, accurately forecast the weather to plan next day generation, and viability mechanisms for conventional coal-based plants are other aspects that need attention. Innovation in battery technology is a potential gold mine for the solar alliance and for India to exploit. IAS MAINS 2016/NATIONAL SOLAR MISSION

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Missile

Missile- Science and technology

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
A new generation Medium-Range Surface-to-Air Missile (MRSAM), developed by India and Israel, was successfully test-fired twice on Thursday from the Integrated Test Range off Odisha Coast, significantly boosting India’s efforts to fill gaps in its air defence capabilities.

Developed by the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) for the Indian Air Force, the missile successfully shot down pilotless target aircraft twice on Thursday, the Ministry of Defence said.
The Ministry said the MRSAM system provides reliable air defence at medium ranges. Capable of intercepting incoming aerial threats up to a range of 70 km, MRSAMs could be deployed in sensitive air force stations, the national capital and also for protecting other sensitive installations such as nuclear plants.

The Ministry said Indian and Israel teams participated in the launch, MRSAM’s first test in India. This would be followed by several more tests in the coming days before its final induction into the IAF. Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar congratulated DRDO and the industry partners for the test.

Dr. G. Satheesh Reddy, Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Programme Director, MRSAM who led the entire launch operation commended the team saying, “It is a quantum jump in air defence capability. The missile successfully intercepted a manoeuvring air-breathing target mimicking an attacking combat aircraft. It was a perfect launch achieving all the mission parameters.”

The contract for MRSAM was signed in 2009, on the eve of the Lok Sabha election, kicking up much controversy over the way the partnership was formed without a transparent selection process. Then worth Rs. 10,400 crore, the DRDO handled about Rs. 3000 crore worth of the contract, while the rest, over Rs. 7000 crore, went to IAI.

The project is running several months behind schedule. The MRSAM is the land version of LRSAM (long range surface to air missile) that DRDO and IAI are developing for the Navy.

The decision to go in for a global JV was taken after indigenous Akash and Trishul missile systems were delayed.
No transfer of technology has been taken as part of the contract. We will remain dependent on IAI for its share,” the report said. It had also said that the intellectual property rights remain with the design authority.

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